Friday, July 15, 2016

Comma: How It Rules Your Grammar

Comma is the next most frequently used punctuation marks after period. A comma indicate a brief pause or a “soft stop”, it’s not as final as a period. It separates grammatical components of the sentence. Comma is used to connect ideas and to tell readers when to take a brief pause. In longer sentences, comma separates clauses. 

IELTS Review Center

Here’s a list of how we use comma:

1.    Use before any coordinating conjunction (and, but, for, or, so, yet, nor) that links two independent clauses. An independent clause includes both a subject and a verb and can stand on its own as a sentence.
Example: She went running, and she saw a bird.

2.    Use after a dependent clause that starts a sentence.
Example: When she was running, she saw a bird.

3.    Use to offset appositives from the rest of the sentence. Appositives act as a similar word for a juxtaposed word or phrase.
Example: While running, she saw a dove, a kind of bird.

4.    Use to separate words and word groups in a simple sentence.
Example: My grandmother’s estate goes to her husband, son, daughter and nephew.

5.    Use to separate two adjectives.
Example: My mother is a strong, healthy woman.

6.    A comma is generally unnecessary if the subject does not appear in front of the second verb.
Example: Leslie saw that her mother was busy, and prepared to leave.

7.    Use a comma when a dependent clause is in the beginning of the sentence.
Example: If you are not sure about your answer, let me know now.

8.    Use to set off non-essential words, phrases and clauses.
Example: Romina, who is the eldest, gave her birthday wish.

9.    Use to introduce or interrupt direct quotation.
Example: She said, “I don’t know.”
              “Why,” I asked, “don’t you care?”

Use comma in the following cases:
  • After an introductory clause.
  • After a long introductory prepositional phrase or when there’s more than one introductory prepositional phrases.
  • After introductory verbal phrases, absolute phrases or when there are some appositive phrases.
  • When there is a distinct pause.
  • To avoid confusion in the sentence structure
When not to use a comma:
  • To separate the subject from the predicate.
  • After a brief prepositional phrase.
  • After a restrictive appositive phrase.

There are general rules on how to apply commas. In Review Center for IELTS, they will tackle grammar, vocabulary, even the use of punctuation marks like comma and period. IELTS Review Center in Cebu has been getting good reviews from students and teachers alike for having a competitive passing rate. IELTS Review Center is a good foundation to get your training. IELTS Review Center in Cebu is truly a testament to that.

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